The Study of the Factors Affecting Awareness of Youth's Citizenship Rights (Case Study: Bandar Abbas City)

Document Type: Original Article


1 Master of sociology, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Social Issues of Iran, Dehaghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Dehaghan, Iran


Awareness of the citizenship rights and duties is the first prerequisite for asking the right and performing duties and obligations. Members of the temporal community find opportunity to participate to be aware of their own rights, duties and obligations on one hand, and the rights, duties and responsibilities of the existing institutions on the other hand. The main aim of this study is to investigate the factors affecting awareness of citizenship rights of youths. Then, views of the sociologists such as Weber, Marshall, Parsons, Turner and Habermas and also Keith Faulks towards the postmodern citizenship were investigated and finally the views of Marshall, Habermas, Parsons and Turner have been used for the theoretical framework. Survey and questionnaire technique methods were used to collect data to investigate this issue. The Statistical population was the youth of 18-29 years in Bandar Abbas. Multi-stage cluster sampling has been used for sampling and the sample size was of 280 individuals using the Cochrane formula. And Pearson tests as well as regression analysis and path analysis have been used to test the hypotheses. The results of the study show that awareness of citizenship rights had been more than awareness of citizenship duties. Also, universality variables, social economic base, having cultural resources and social trust are correlated with citizenship awareness and 52.5% of variance of awareness of citizenship have been predicted by the above variables.


  1. Amir Kafi, M. (2001). Social trust and the factors affecting it, Research Profile, 5, No. 18.
  2. Dehghan, A., Ghaffari, Gh. (2005). Quarterly Journal of Sociology of Iran, Volume 6, No. 1.
  3. Faulks, K. (2002). Citizenship. Tehran: Kavir Publishing
  4. Karimi, Y. (1999). Social psychology (theories, concepts and applications). Tehran: Arasbaran Publishing.
  5. Kirsch, D. (1968). Social psychology. Tehran: Zavar Bookstore
  6. Nejati, M. (2001). The position of citizenship concept in the law of the municipality of Iran. Tehran: Publication of the Organization of Municipalities of Iran.
  7. Piran, P. (1997). Citizen-oriented city. Political and Economic Information, 120, 46-51.
  8. Piran, P. (2006). Citizenship: from rights to responsibility. Letter No. 53
  9. Shahrokni, N. (2002). Obstacles to the political citizenship expansion of women. Master's thesis of Allameh Tabataba'i University. Tehran: Allameh Tababtabaei University.
10. Shiyani, M. (2002). Sociological analysis of citizenship status in Lorestan. Journal of Sociology of Iran, 4, 3,  60, 80.

11. Shiyani, M. (2003).Citizenship status and obstacles to its realization in Iran, PhD thesis of sociology. Tehran: Tehran AllamehTabatabaei University.

12. Tavasoli, Gh., Nejati, H. (2004). The social reality of citizenship in Iran. Journal of Sociology of Iran, 5, 2, p. 32

13. Zokaei, M. (2003). Youth, citizenship and social integration. Youth Studies; Summer and Autumn - No. 3 & 4.