The Study of Social Factors Affecting the Tendency towards Childbearing among Young Women in Mazandaran Province

Document Type: Original Article


Department of Social Sciences, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran


Fertility behavior based on stimuli, decision making process, and related attitudes can be considered as social behavior that occurs in a social environment. The general objective of this research is to investigate the social factors affecting the tendency towards childbearing among married women in Mazandaran province. The sample size of this study is 100 people who were selected by purposive and non-random sampling. The data gathering instrument was a questionnaire in which the extracted variables were from the literature review and the conceptual framework of the research. The questionnaire consisted of a questionnaire of personal information and a childbearing tendency questionnaire. Cronbach's alpha has been used to investigate the reliability of the research instrument. In order to analyze the data, the SPSS software and related tests were used. To study the tendency toward childbearing, the variables of social engagement, social acceptance, gender socialization, religiosity, fashion, and marital satisfaction have been used which are measured by Likert scale. Findings of the research show that there is a significant relationship between religious orientation, gender socialization, social acceptance, and marital satisfaction and tendency to childbearing.


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