The Sociological Explanation of Economic Participation among Young People in Khalkhal City

Document Type: Original Article


1 Department of Social Sciences, Khalkhal Branch, Islamic Azad university, Khalkhal, lran

2 Department of Cultural Sociology, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


The present research was conducted with the aim to sociologically explicate the economic participation among young people in Khalkhal. What is highly important in this research is the necessity to give priority to economic participation. The theories of ideologists such as Rostow, Learner, Marxist and Tok were employed to conduct this research. Meanwhile, survey method and questionnaires were used. The statistical population consisted of 3600 individuals of 18 years old (according to the figures given by the registration of personal status office) and then 380 individuals were selected as the sample in result of using multistage cluster sampling technique. In order to analyze the data, two descriptive and inferential statistics were utilized. Research findings indicated that independent variables of citizenship feeling, political alienation, social support, political trust, religiousness, mass media, group pressure, coordination, socioeconomic station are meaningfully related to the dependent variable of economic participation.


  1. Azkia, M., & Ghaffari, Gh. (2002). Sociology of development. Tehran: Kalameh Institute.
  2. Bamdad, Sh. (1996). The study of factors impacting the degree of women's employment in 252 cities of the country during 1996. Tehran: Planning and Budgeting Organization
  3. Tokvil, A. D. (1968). The analysis of American democracy. Tehran: Zavar Publication.
  4. Saeedi, M. H., & Ibrahimi, M.A. (2007). Theories of rural development. Tehran: Samt Publication.
  5. Saeedi M. R. (2003). An Introduction to public participation and non-governmental organizations. Tehran: Samt
  6. Ghaffari, Gh. (2001). Explanation of social and cultural factors impacting systematic, socio-economic participation of villagers as a mechanism to rural development in Iran. Tehran: Tehran University.
  7. Ritzer, G. (2007). The theory of sociology in the contemporary time. Tehran: Elmi Publication.
  8. Zahedi, M. J. (2010). Socio-economic station and the attitude toward political participation (case study: Khorramabad City). Iranian Sociology magazine, 11(2) 51-73.
  9. Pit, R., & Hartwith, E. (2010). Development theories. Tehran: Luyeh Publication.
  10. Maryami, S. (2000). The comparative study of the role of factors of socialization on political participation of young people in Shiraz, Social Sciences Magazine, 10, 94-104.
  11. Mosaffa, N. (1996). Political participation of women in Iran. Tehran: Press.
  12. Mohseni, A. (1997). The study of the relationship between the political-social alienation with social-political participation among family guardians in Tehran. Tehran: Tehran University.
  13. Molana, H. (2005). Transition from modernism, communication and evolution of the society. Tehran: Media.
  14. Lahsaeezadeh, A. (2005). The study of economic participation among rural women (Case study: Fars province), Iranian Sociology magazine, 6(3), 124-145.
  15. Niazi, M. (2002). Explanation of barriers to social participation in Kashan. Isfahan: Isfahan University.