Evaluating the Role of Education and the Economic Base of Women in Promoting the Culture of Environmental Protection in Gilane Gharb

Document Type: Original Article


1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Sociology, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Farhangian University, Kermanshah, Iran


The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of education and economic status of women in promoting the culture of environmental protection (Case study of employed and unemployed women between 30-45 years old in Gilane Gharb). The statistical population includes all employed and unemployed women. A simple random sampling method and a sample size of 352 people were obtained based on Cochran's formula with the help of a researcher-made questionnaire, which included 100 questions. The necessary information was added to the data. The results show that as the women's age increases, their participation in promoting the culture of environmental preservation decreases and the relationship between women's economic status and their promoting of environmental preservation culture is more meaningful. In other words, the higher economic status of women, the more attention is to the environment.


Alavi, A. (2001). Citizen participation in city administration, Municipal Organization, 2(1), 12-20.

Ghafari, Gh. R. & Niyazi, M. (2007). Participatory sociology. Tehran: Tehran Publication.

Giddens, A. (2003). Sociology. Tehran: Ney Publication.

Inglehart, R. (1999). Cultural transformation in advanced industrial society. Tehran: Kavir Publication.

Kossari, M. (1996). Investigating the impact of social integrity on the level of social participation of villagers in development projects. Tehran: Tarbiat Modarres University.

Lerner, D (2004). Transition of the traditional community: Modernization of the Middle East. Tehran: Strategic Studies Institute Publication.

Maslow, A. (1988). The healthy personality psychology. Tehran: Golshahi Publication.

Mazlum Khorasani, M. Noghani, M. Khalifa, M. R. (2012). A survey on the social participation of people in Marvdasht City and its effective factors. Applicable Sociology, 23(1), 55-65.

Mohseni Tabrizi, A. (1990). Investigating ways to attract popular participation in sustainable agriculture development programs in the villages of Garmsar region, Tehran; Tehran University.

Mousavi, M. (2006). Social participation as one of the components of social capital, Journal of Social Welfare Research, 6 (1), 58-68.

Panahi, H. (2004). The impact of individual characteristics and social participation. Journal of Social Sciences, 26 (1) 55-65.

Powell, A. (2001). Political commitment and political culture. Economic Political Information, 11 (5), 55-65.

Rahmani, B. (2009). Factors affecting the participation of women in environmental protection (Case study of Tehran City). Geographic Quarterly Journal, 7(1), 55-65.

Ritzer, G. (2010). Contemporary sociological theories. Tehran: Elmi Publication.

Tavasoli, A. (2003). Sociology of labor and occupation. Tehran: Tehran Publication.

Vatani, A. (2007). Investigating the factors affecting the motivation of individuals in social participation in Golestan Province. Golestan: Golestan University Publication.