A Sociological Study on the Effective Factors Involving in Academic Failure (Case Study: Mazandaran High-School Students)

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Management, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran

3 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Sociology, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran

Abstract

The present paper examines the sociological factors affecting the decline in academic failure. In this study, the theoretical approaches of functionalism, structuralism, interactivity and critique are used. Using literature and research history, four hypotheses were extracted. From the point of view of the target, it is a survey method. The statistical population of this research includes secondary school students of Mazandaran Province in the academic year (2017-2018). The sample size calculated according to the Cochran formula was 170 students. To obtain the samples, a simple random method was used. Data were collected through a researcher-made questionnaire and using tables and inferential statistics in SPPS statistics software. Findings suggest that there is a significant relationship between non-family variables, socioeconomic status, occupational attitude and social capital with decreasing academic failure in the statistical society. Regarding the results of regression analysis and path analysis, the variables with coefficients (36%), (32%), (31%), (30%), the highest coefficient of the effect of standardized regression on dependent variables has had.
 

Keywords


Abdollahi, M. (2012). Social issues in Iran. Tehran: Tehran Publication.

Abroshiani, F. (2015). A study on the social factors affecting the graduation of Harsin High School students .Kermanshah: Harsin.

Afrouz, G. (2007). Psychological foundations of academic failure. Tehran: Tehran Publication.

Azari Saramaki, T. (1998). A survey on the social issues. Tehran: Tehran University Publication.

Bahaol, B. (2017). Factors affecting secondary school losses in the City. Tehran: Tehran Publication.

Bashriya, H. (1999). Civil society and political development in Iran. Tehran:  Nashroloulom.

Bayerischer, I. (1999). Methods of prevention in academic failure. Tehran: Parents Publication.

Behzadi, I. (2013). Investigating the relationship between social factors and educational fall of first-grade students in high school in Golder Township. Marvdasht: Islamic Azad University Publication.

Hagan,  J. (1994). Criminal justice. Canada: Canadian Publication.

Halsey, A. H. (2016). Education, economy and society. New York: Free Press.

Kohistani, H. (2013). Study of student losses. Tehran: Tehran University Publication.

Liebert, R. & Morris, L. (1967). Cognitive and emotional components of anxiety. Psychological Reports, 20, 975-978.

Newman,W. (2007). Qualitative and quantitative Social research methods. NTC: N.Y

Pahlavan, M. (2005). An introduction to the sociology of youth. Islamic Azad University: Babol Branch Publication.

Parsons,T. (1989).The social system. N.Y:  Free press.

Rafipour, F. (1999). Mass media and changes in social values. Tehran: Maple.

Razaghi, M. (2013). Teaching students. Tehran: Tehran Publication.

Russel, G. (1995). Human motivation: A psychological approach in California.

Schaefer, R. T. (2001). Sociology. Mc Graw-Hill Inc.

Sharepour, M. (2015). Sociology of education. Tehran. Tehran Publication.

Tahergholi, P. (2016). Analysis of factors sffecting the graduation of high school students in Roodehen. Islamic Azad University: Roodehen.

Tavasoli, G. (2017). Theories of sociology. Tehran: Tehran Publication.

Wexler, P. (1976). The sociology of education: Beyond equality. Indianapolis.

Wexler, P. (1987). Social analysis of education: After the new sociology. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Williams, J. (2011). Home, school, and community factors that contribute to the educational resilience of urban. Lowa: Lowa University.

Young, M. (1971). Knowledge and control: New directions for the sociology of education. London: Collier- Macmillan.