A Sociological Study on the Effective Factors Involving in Academic Failure (Case Study: Mazandaran High-School Students)

Document Type: Original Article


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Management, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran

3 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Sociology, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran


The present paper examines the sociological factors affecting the decline in academic failure. In this study, the theoretical approaches of functionalism, structuralism, interactivity and critique are used. Using literature and research history, four hypotheses were extracted. From the point of view of the target, it is a survey method. The statistical population of this research includes secondary school students of Mazandaran Province in the academic year (2017-2018). The sample size calculated according to the Cochran formula was 170 students. To obtain the samples, a simple random method was used. Data were collected through a researcher-made questionnaire and using tables and inferential statistics in SPPS statistics software. Findings suggest that there is a significant relationship between non-family variables, socioeconomic status, occupational attitude and social capital with decreasing academic failure in the statistical society. Regarding the results of regression analysis and path analysis, the variables with coefficients (36%), (32%), (31%), (30%), the highest coefficient of the effect of standardized regression on dependent variables has had.


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