Modeling the Structural Relationship between Perfectionism and Life Expectance through Mediating Role of Moral Intelligence and Spiritual Intelligence in Young Directors of Islamic Azad University

Document Type: Original Article


1 Ph.D., Department of Psychology, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran


The research has been performed to the aim of modeling the structural relationship between perfectionism and life expectancy through the mediating role of moral and spiritual intelligences in young Islamic Azad University directors (Mazandaran Province). This applied method of research in terms of objective is considered as a structural study as far as method of research is concerned. Statistical population of the research included all 524 directors in Islamic Azad University from among which 225 individuals have been selected based on stratified random sampling as the statistical sample. Perfectionism questionnaire developed by Asadpour, life expectancy questionnaire developed by Schneider et al., moral intelligence questionnaire developed by Lenik and Kiel and spiritual intelligence questionnaire by King have been used for data collection. In present research, structural validity of tools has been verified and their reliability has been computed through Cronbach’s alpha coefficient test and combined reliability which is statistically confirmed. According to the results, perfectionism, spiritual intelligence, and moral intelligence have direct and significant effect on life expectancy; and, considering the indirect path and effect of perfectionism on life expectancy through mediating role of spiritual intelligence and moral intelligence has been confirmed. In general, research model has been confirmed and research variables have been 70% capable of forecasting life expectancy variable. Considering the role played by moral intelligence and spiritual intelligence on life expectancy, planning has to be made in organizations for promotion of spiritual intelligence and moral intelligence; and destructive and negative effects of perfectionism have to be identified and trained.


Afkari, Z., Sajadizadeh, R. (2014). The Relationship between spiritual intelligence and life expectancy among female and male students of Islamic Azad University Science and Research Branch. Tehran.

Alavi, S., Ahmadi, M., Zar, A. S. (2017). The effect of exercise on burnout, general health and life expectancy of staff in Jahrom. Journal of Social Health, 4(3), 169-160.

Amini, M., Rahimi, H., Godali, H., Montazer, M. (2015). Investigating the ethical intelligence of nurses in Kashan Hospitals in 2015. Quarterly Journal of Nursing Education & Ethics, 4( 1), 66-59.

Andam, R., Rohparvar, S. (2015). Investigating the ethical intelligence of managers and the effectiveness of volunteer organizations in sport. Journal of Sport Management and Development, 2(3), 165-152.

Anhange, S. T., Iorwuese, P. A., Kwaghgbah, A. T., Iortsughun, S. T., & Aondona, A. T. (2017). Emotional intelligence, happiness, hope and marital satisfaction among married people in Makurdi Metropolis. Nigeria.

Caldwell, C. (2010). Identity, self-awareness and self-deception: Ethical implications for leaders and organizations. Journal of Business Ethics, 90, 393_406.

Lee, C. S., & Hwang, Y. K. (2016). The structural relationships between social support, emotional intelligence, self-esteem, and hope in rural elementary school students. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 9(26), 1-6.

Lennick, D., & Kiel, F. (2007). Moral intelligence: Enhancing business performance and leadership success. Pearson: Prentice Hall.

Martin, D. E., Rao, A., & Sloan, L. R. (2009). Plagiarism, integrity, and workplace deviance: A criterion study. Ethics & Behavior, 19(1), 36-50.

Mehrabizadeh, & M., Najarian, B. (2008). The relationship between perfectionism and social anxiety in students. Journal of Psychology, 3(3), 248-231.

Narimani, M., Ghafari, M. (2015). The role of ethical and social intelligence in predicting resilience and quality of life for parents of children with learning disabilities. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 5(2), 128-126.

Ramazanzadeh, H., Arab Narmi, B., Eghbali Hashjin, Eghbali, B. (2013). Investigating the relationship between perfectionism and self-efficacy among female students attending in aerobic classes. Journal of Sport Psychology Studies, 4, 69-78.

Siadat, A., Mokhtaripour, M., Kazemi, I. (2009). The relationship between ethical intelligence and team leadership in educational and non-educational managers from the viewpoints of faculty Members of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Journal of Health Management, 12(36), 69-62.

Snyder, C. R. (2006). Hope therapy in a community sample: A pilot investigation. Social Indicators Research, 77(1), 61-78.

Toosi, S. A. D., Emadian, S. O., Soleymani, M., Mohammadi, L., & Doustdar, M. S. (2017). Relationship between different types of educational, emotional and spiritual intelligence and second grade high school female students' religious orientation, in Sari, Iran. International Journal of Education & Literacy Studies, 5(4), 116.‏

Yalçın, I., & Malkoç, A. (2015). The relationship between meaning in life and subjective well-being: Forgiveness and hope as mediators. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16(4), 915-929.