The Necessity for Psychosocial and Social Perspective in Education: A Quantitative Study of Life Skills among the Young Iranian Married Clients

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Sociology, Science & Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iram

2 Professor of Sociology Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch of Tehran- Iran

3 Professor, Department of Sociology, Science & Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

The present study investigated the relationship between demographic characteristics and marital life skills of the young Iranian clients using descriptive-survey method in 2017. The studied population was all young married people in Shiraz. The sample included 384 individuals who were selected by cluster sampling method. Data was measured by a researcher-made questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results of descriptive statistics indicate that the participants benefit from desirable life skills. The inferential results showed that there was no significant difference between the life skills variables and gender, and marriage length and occupational status at the p value  

Keywords


Akers, R. L. (2017). Social learning and cultural deviance theory. Social Learning and Social Structure, 90-106. doi:10.4324/9781315129587-4

Bailey, S., Vermeiren, R., & Mitchell, P. (2007). Mental health, risk and antisocial behavior in young offenders: challenges and opportunities. Young people and 'risk', 53-72. doi:10.1332/policypress/9781847420008.003.0005

Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: a social cognitive theory. Prentice Hall.

Botvin, G. J., & Griffin, K. W. (2001). Life skills training: Theory, methods, and effectiveness of a drug abuse prevention Approach. Innovations in Adolescent Substance Abuse Interventions, 31-50. doi:10.1016/b978-008043577-0/50022-5

Botvin, G. J., & Tortu, S. (1988). Peer relationships, social competence, and substance abuse prevention: Journal of Chemical Dependency Treatment, 1(2), 245-273. doi:10.1300/j034v01n02_11

Brooks, D. K., Jr. (1984). A life-skills taxonomy: Defining elements of effective functioning through the use of Delphi technique. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, The University of Georgia, Athens.

Dusenbury, L., & Botvin, G. (1990). 21. Competence enhancement and the prevention of aadolescent problem behavior. Health Hazards in Adolescence, 459-478. doi:10.1515/9783110847659-022

Franzkowiax, P. (1987). Risk-taking and adolescent development. Health Promotion International, 2(1), 51-62. doi:10.1093/heapro/2.1.51

Jessor, R. (2016). The Origins and development of problem behavior theory: The collected works of Richard Jessor. Springer.

Jessor, R. (2017). Continuity in Psychosocial Change from Adolescence to Young Adulthood. Problem Behavior Theory and the Social Context, 239-260. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-57885-9_14

Jessor, R., Donovan, J. E., & Costa, F. (1990). 2. Personality, perceived life chances, and adolescent health behavior. Health Hazards in Adolescence, 25-42. doi:10.1515/9783110847659-003

Loeser, D.M., Bailey, S.J., Benson, R.L., & Deen, M.Y. (2004). Measuring impacts with young audiences: Adapting a life-skills instrument for use with third-to fifth-grade youth.  Journal of   Extension. Available at: http: // www. joe. org/ joe /2004 august/rb.shtml

Maass, S.E.; Wilken, C. S.; Jordan,.J; Culen.G; Place. N(2006) A study of life skill development Of oklahoma 4-H alumni during the years Of 4-H participation 1969-1998. Journal of Extension,  44 (5), 25-35.

Penny Johnson & Tina Rae. (2008). Crucial skills: An anger management and problem solving teaching program for high school students crucial skills: An anger management and problem solving teaching program for high school students. doi:10.4135/9781446252109

Vaidya, S. (2014). Education for life skills in India: An Introduction. SpringerBriefs in Education, 1-14. doi:10.1007/978-81-322-1789-3_1.

Williams, S., Lim, N. K., & Rivero, S. (2006). Developmentally appropriate scale of self-esteem, efficacy, and life skills. PsycEXTRA Dataset. doi:10.1037/e517102007-001.

World Health Organization –WHO (Ed.). (1993). Life skills education – Planning for research. Geneva: WHO.

World Health Organization –WHO (Ed.). (1994). Life skills education – Planning for research. Geneva: WHO.

World Health Organization –WHO (Ed.). (1996). Life skills education – Planning for research. Geneva: WHO.