Relationship between Social Capital and Crime (Case study: Prisoners of Tehran Prisons)

Document Type : Original Article


Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences, Khorasgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Esfahan, Iran


Social capital, due to its content lies in the social damage's realm. Considering the mutual effects therein, the objective here is to assess the correlation between social capital with identifying the correlation between social capital and crimes among convicted young prisoners in Greater Tehran prison. The method adopted in this study is of survey type by applying a random sample of 190 prisoners. To analyze the data, two-dimensional tables and Pearson Correlation Coefficient are applied. It is revealed that there exists a statistically significant correlation between social capital and youth crime rate, indicating that the higher the social capital level, the lower the crime rate among the youth. The young who commit crimes are grown in social conditions with low social capital. Hence, by planning and capitalizing social capital, the misdemeanor and crime rate of the subjects here would be decreased.


Asayesh, H. (2017). Measuring quality of life in the world`s 100 largest cities. Urban Management Quarterly, 8, 94-105.
Bauer, H. H., Stokburger-Sauer, N. E., & Exler, S. (2016). Brand image and fan loyalty.
Biscaia, R., Correia, A., Rosado, A., Maroco, J., & Ross, S. (2012). The effects of emotions on football spectators' satisfaction and behavioral intentions. European Sport Management Quarterly, 12(3), 227-242.
Chalabi, M. and Mubaraki, M. (2016). Analysis of the relationship between social capital and crime at micro and macro levels. Journal of Sociology, 6(2), 3-44.
Colman, J.S. (2018). Social capital in the creation of human capital.
Kawachi, I. (2015). Social capital for health and human development. International Society.
Lederman, D., L, Norman, M., & Menedez, A. (2015). Violent crime: Does social capital Matter. 1-43,
Putnam, R.  (1993). The prosperous community: Social capital and public life. The American Prospect, 13: 35-42.
Putnam, R. (1995). Bowling alone: American`s declining social capital. Journal of Democracy, 6(1), 65-78.
Putnam, R. (1996). Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American community, New York: Simon and Schuster.
Putnam, R. D.  (1995). Tuning in, tuning out: The strange disappearance of social capital in America, Political Science and Politics, 28: 664-683.
Putnam, R.D.  (2000). Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American community, New York: Simon and Schuster.
Salmi, V. & Janne, K. (2016). The association between social capital and juvenile crime, the Role of Individual and Structural Factors.  European Journal of Criminology, 3(2), 123-148.