Marginalization and its Effect on the Social Damages (Case Study: Eastern Mazandaran)

Document Type : Original Article


Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Sociology, Dehaghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Dehaghan, Iran



The marginalization not only shows the exterior face of the city in a bad light, but also causes to more irreparable and undesirable consequences. Identifying the social impacts of marginalization is one of the most important urban issues to consider. Thus, this study aims to investigate the relationship between marginalization and social damages in eastern Mazandaran province. The research method was quantitative, survey and the population includes the people living in the suburbs of eastern Mazandaran province that 384 people were selected as the sample size by using Lin's table and were selected by cluster and simple random sampling method. The research tool was a researcher-made questionnaire analyzed by using structural equation modeling and AMOS software. The findings showed that marginalization has positive effect on the formation of social damages (tendency to violence 0.88, alcohol consumption 0.81, and lawbreaking 0.89, the sense of insecurity 0.80, mental disorders 0.68, social health disorder 0.90, and tendency to addiction 0.79, distrust 0.73, social isolation 0.82, social alienation 0.67, economic poverty 0.84, and deprivation 0.75). Furthermore, the structural equation results showed that GFI values ​​for the model is 0.820 and the RMSEA value for the model is 0.029, indicating that the theoretical model is fitted and acceptable. In fact, the phenomenon of marginalization in Mazandaran is the result of tied social and structural problems, and it causes many social problems. Therefore, policymakers and authorities should pay more serious attention on planning and addressing the defeats and shortcomings of the suburbs.