Investigating Factors Influencing Ethnic Solidarity among Young People in Azeri Areas of Khalkhal

Document Type: Original Article


Department of Management, Faculty of Humanities, Khalkhal Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khalkhal, Iran



The present study was conducted to investigate the factors influencing ethnic solidarity among young people (18-30 years) in the Azeri regions of Khalkhal. Theoretical framework was presented using the theories Emile Durkheim, Ted Robert Gurr, George Homans, Anthony Giddens and others. The research method was survey, face validity was used and reliability was obtained by Cronbach's alpha coefficient (for dependent variable 0.85 and independent variable 0.87). The statistical population of the present study was all youths from Khalkhal, aged 18-30, who are estimated to be 22636 according to the latest statistics. Regarding the characteristics of the statistical population and its high population, 380 individuals were selected as the sample size using Cochran formula and multistage cluster sampling. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data using SPSS software. Findings indicated that there was a significant relationship between the dependent variable of the ethnic solidarity and the independent variables of media use (r = 0.493), use of foreign media (r = -0.554), religiosity dimension (r = 0.631), religious ritual dimension (R = 0.732), emotional dimension of religiosity (r = 0.643), religious consequence dimension (r = 0.534), relative deprivation feeling (r = 0.631), western lifestyle tendency (r = 0.554), and the level of social cohesion (r = 0.657). Also, the results of multivariate regression showed that the independent variables entered in the equation accounted for 62% of the dependent variable changes.