Investigating the Status and Role of Imam Khomeini's Relief Committee in Preventing Youth Delinquency (Case Study of Tehran Relief Committee)

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Master of Law, Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr Branch, Qaemshahr, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Law, Mazandaran University

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr Branch, qaemshahr, Iran

10.22034/ssyj.2020.674118

Abstract

Due to the harmful effects of crime on society, the majority of countries in the world have drawn up plans for preventing and reducing the crime rate, and through the various institutions (governmental and nongovernmental) they let. In Iran, various organs provide services and activities for the prevention of women's delinquency, including the Khomeini Relief Committee. The present study was descriptive-analytic in nature and library and field based study with a researcher-made questionnaire whose formal validity and reliability were confirmed. The research population consisted of directors, assistants and planners of Imam Khomeini Relief Committee in Tehran, randomly selected through random sampling. SPSS software and descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data. The results show that the activities of the Imam Khomeini Relief Committee are carried out in six main areas of material measures, training courses, counseling services, employment, health services and dowry costs and marriage for the prevention of crime. The results of inferential tests have shown that all of the above measures are effective in reducing crime and preventing delinquency. Friedman's test has shown that material actions and the cost of dowry and marriage have the least impact on the prevention of crime from the most important educational measures and counseling courses. Although the Imam Khomeini Relief Committee is trying to prevent delinquency, the fact is that the state of crime prevention is not good enogh in our country for various reasons, such as the limited organization's programs, financial problems (lack of funds), structural problems, as well as the lack of institutionalization of the culture of preventing delinquency.

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