The Investigation of Sociological Factors of Intergenerational Differences Regarding Music Orientation between Young and Old Generations (A Case Study of Bushehr)

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD candidate of sociology of Iran Social problems, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr Branch

2 Assistant professor, Department of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr Branch



Music is one of the human needs influenced by cultural and social factors. The aim of the present study was to investigate the sociological factors of intergenerational differences in the orientation towards music in the old and new generations (case study of Bushehr).The research method was survey and data were collected using a questionnaire.The research sample consisted of 247 people aged 15-16 in Bushehr who were selected through cluster sampling.The findings of this research show that cultural capital, religiosity, lifestyle, social capital and education variables have a positive and significant relationship with music orientation. There is also a significant negative correlation between age and music tendency. The rate of music tendency varies among young, middle aged, and adult generations. Young people (with a mean of 62.1 percent) have a higher music tendency than middle aged and adults. The tendency to music  among middle aged (with a mean of 57.9) is also higher than that of  adults (with a mean of 44.9).The results of regression show that in total  20.1 percent of the changes  in music tendency are  specified by independent variables. Social capital, age, and lifestyle have the greatest impact on the variable of music orientation.