Values of the Family and Effect of the Cultural Modernization on it among the Youth of Bushehr

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD. Candidate, Department of Sociology, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Boushehr, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Boushehr, Iran



Renovation and modernization can lead to changes in various fields, including material and immaterial values of the family. The process of cultural modernization has also brought about changes in the socio-cultural context of societies that have led to changes in family values. Therefore, the present study was aimed at the effect of cultural modernization on family values among high school students in Bushehr.    The research method was survey and the required information was collected using a questionnaire. The statistical population includes Bushehr high school students, which is 14420 people. The cluster sampling method is multi-stage and the sample size is 384 according to the Cochran formula. The findings show that the average of cultural modernization as well as the index of changes in the value of the family conductor is more than average and it represents a near modern attitude toward family values in Bushehr. There is a positive and direct correlation between the level of cultural modernization and family values. That is, the greater the cultural  renewal, the change  in the value of  the family  increases, and, conversely, the less the cultural  modernization, the change in the value of the family decreases. It can also be seen that there is a positive and direct relationship between the five components of cultural modernization with the material values and the immaterial values of the family.


Amini, B. (2016).  Investigation of the impact of social network, Telegram and the mechanism of its impact on family values (Studied population: Tehran city., Varamin: Varamin Azad University.
Anbari, M. (2011).The sociology of development, from economy to culture. Tehran: Samt Publication.
Engleheart, R. (1994).Cultural transformation in advanced industrialized society. Tehran: Kavir Press.
Engleheart, R., &Velzel, C. (2010). Modernization, cultural transformation and democracy. Tehran: Kavir Press.
Engleheart, R. &  Polar, A. (1999). Economic safety and cultural transformation.
Gidnes, A. (1998). Modernization consequences. Tehran: CenterPress.
Gidnes, A. (2008). Speeches about global integration. Tehran: Elm Press.
Gidnes, A. (2009). Modernization and individuality. Tehran: Ney Press.
Haghighatian, M. (2016). Investigation of  the impacts of  cultural modernization  and the mechanism of  its impact on family values among youth in Nahavand.  Nahavand: Nahavand University.
Kafashi, M. (2008). Investigation of internet impact on family values. Social Research Quarterly, 2(3), 56-78.
Kuhi, J. & Jamali, Y. (2012). Youth and facebook. Mazandaran: Mazandaran University.
Lucas, D. & Paul, M. (2002). A survey on demographic studies. Tehran: Tehran University Press.
Mohamadpur, A. (2009). Semantic reconstruction of family changes with regard to grounded theory.
Pahlevan, M. (2010). Sociological investigation of  influential factors on  value changes among youth in Babol. Specialized Quarterly of Sociology, 3, 22-33.
Slovin, J. (2001). Internet and the society. Tehran: Ketabdar.
Zahedi, M. J. (2013). Modernization and the process of value transformations regarding family. Iran Sociology Journal, 14(1), 68-97.
Zanjanizadeh, H. & Javadi, M. (2004). Investigation of internet impact on family values. Iran Sociology Journal, 22, 122-146.
Zartaski, I. (2011). Capitalization, family and personal life. Tehran: Ney Press.