Youth Electoral Participation and the Role of Feeling of Social Justice on it in Mazandaran

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 PhD Candidate, Departement of Political Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Roodehen Branch, Roodehen, Iran,

3 Assistatnt Professor, Department of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran

10.22034/ssyj.2020.676893

Abstract

Electoral participation is one of the important pillars of any country's development. Therefore, the study was conducted with the aim of the effect of social justice on electoral participation. For this purpose, Inglehart and Milbrath theories were used as a theoretical framework. The research method was survey and data were collected using a questionnaire. The statistical population included young people aged 15 to 40 in the cities of Mazandaran province. Multi-stage cluster sampling method and sample size based on Cochran's formula is 384 people. The measuring instrument has formal validity and the Cronbach's alpha value of the independent variable is 0.82 and the dependent variable is 0.77, indicating that the correlation and internal alignment between the items related to the variables is appropriate and acceptable. The results show that the average turnout is above average, equal to 2.34. There is a positive and direct relationship between social justice and the level of electoral participation with a correlation of 0.522. Electoral participation will increase if social justice is increased. We can also see a positive relationship between the components of social justice and electoral participation. Among the dimensions of social justice, the dimension of distributive justice has the highest correlation with electoral participation. Regression analysis shows that 27.4% of changes in political participation depend on social justice. In order to increase electoral participation in society, more attention should be paid to social justice and raising its indicators and components, especially distributive justice.

Keywords


Abdollahi, M. (2008). Women in the public sphere, factors, obstacles and strategies of Iranian women's civic participation. Tehran:  Municipality Office of Social and Cultural Studies Publications.

Ahmadlou, H. (2019). A comparative study of electoral behavior in Iran after the Islamic Revolution (Inter-provincial sociological comparison).

Almond, G., Powell, B., & Monte, J. (1998). A theoretical framework for comparative policy. Tehran: Public Management Training Center.

AriziSamani, S. & Golparvar, M. (2005). The relationship between social justice approaches and the components of political equality, Journal of Social. 4 (16), 155-184.

Azkia, M. (1998). Sociology of development. Te:, Word Publishing Institute.

Albanesi, C., Zani, B. & Cicognani, E. (2012). Youth civic and political participation through the lens of gender: The Italian case. Human Affairs, 22(3), 360-374.

Chen, J. & Lu, C., (2011). Democratization and the middle class in China: The middle class’s attitudes toward democracy. Political Research Quarterly, 64(3) 705–719.

Flavin, P. & Keane, M. J. (2012). Life satisfaction and political participation: evidence from the United States. Journal of Happiness Studies, 13(1), 63-78.

Jamshidi, M. H. (2013). Explaining the relationship between justice and politics in the thought of Allameh ShahidSeyed Mohammad Baqer Sadr. Social Theories of Muslim Thinkers, 3 (1), 131-159.

Heiderabadi, A. & Salehabadi, E. (2014). A study of educational development and electoral participation in Iran, Quarterly Journal of Socio-Cultural Development, 3(2), 81-111.

Huntington, S. (1991). Political order in societies undergoing change, translated by Mohsen Thalasi. Tehran: Elm Publishes.

HezarJaribi, J. (2011). A Study of the sense of social justice and the factors affecting it (Case Study of Tehran). Quarterly Journal of Applied Sociology, 22(3).41-62.

Graeme, G. (2000). The dynamics of democratization. Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Kirbiš, A. (2013). Political participation and non-democratic political culture in western Europe, east-central europe and post-Yugoslav countries. Democracy in Transition (pp. 225-251): Springer.

Milbrath, L. & Goell, L. (2007). Political participation. Tehran: Mizan Publishing.

Mohammadifar, N. (2015). Analysis of the role of quality of life on the type and extent of political participation (Case study: Isfahan). Social Development, me 10(2),127-156.

Panahi, M. H. (2004). The impact of mass media on political participation. Quarterly Journal of Communication Sciences, 28, 90-91.

Panahi, M. H. (2007). Sociology of women's political participation. Tehran: Allameh Tabatabai University Press.

Saei, A. (2009). Educational development and electoral participation: A case study of the ninth presidential election of Iran. Social Sciences Quarterly, 45, 1-23.

Taliban, M. R. & Mir Hosseini, M. (2016). The relationship between the principles of's religiosity and ideological bias. Sociology of Social Institutions, 7, 9-35.

Yousefi,A. (2002). A reflection on the concept of political legitimacy, examining the model of the theory of legitimacy. Daneshvar-e-Madeshi, 9 (39), 134-119.

ZaerKaaba, R. (2017). A sociological background to the development of social justice discourses in Iran: A case study of governments after the Islamic Revolution,  Political Sociology of the Islamic World, 5 (11), 93-122.

Zia, M. A. & Al-Ghafoor, M. T. (2019). Evaluating the effectiveness of the political system of the Islamic Republic of Iran in achieving political justice with emphasis on political positions. Islamic Policy Research, 15, 325-350.