Youth Electoral Participation and the Role of Feeling of Social Justice on it in Mazandaran

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD Candidate, Departement of Political Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Roodehen Branch, Roodehen, Iran,

3 Assistatnt Professor, Department of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran



Electoral participation is one of the important pillars of any country's development. Therefore, the study was conducted with the aim of the effect of social justice on electoral participation. For this purpose, Inglehart and Milbrath theories were used as a theoretical framework. The research method was survey and data were collected using a questionnaire. The statistical population included young people aged 15 to 40 in the cities of Mazandaran province. Multi-stage cluster sampling method and sample size based on Cochran's formula is 384 people. The measuring instrument has formal validity and the Cronbach's alpha value of the independent variable is 0.82 and the dependent variable is 0.77, indicating that the correlation and internal alignment between the items related to the variables is appropriate and acceptable. The results show that the average turnout is above average, equal to 2.34. There is a positive and direct relationship between social justice and the level of electoral participation with a correlation of 0.522. Electoral participation will increase if social justice is increased. We can also see a positive relationship between the components of social justice and electoral participation. Among the dimensions of social justice, the dimension of distributive justice has the highest correlation with electoral participation. Regression analysis shows that 27.4% of changes in political participation depend on social justice. In order to increase electoral participation in society, more attention should be paid to social justice and raising its indicators and components, especially distributive justice.


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