Sociological Study of the Relationship between Social Capital and Energy Consumption Pattern with Emphasis on Electricity Energy (Case study: Young Citizens of Babol)

Document Type: Original Article


1 PhD Candidate, Department of Sociology, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Islamic Azad University of Babol, Babol,Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Islamic Azad University of Babol, Babol, Iran



The pattern of energy consumption is affected by social, economic and cultural conditions in society.  On the other hand, energy policy has been particularly important in recent years in terms of increasing the role of energy and the environment in the economic, political and social activities of different societies. The research method is survey. The statistical sample includes 120 citizens of Babol who were selected by systematic random sampling.The level of household awareness was increased but did not have much effect on consumption pattern. The pattern of consumption in families has changed. There have been changes in the composition of household appliances that have affected the amount of consumption.  The amount and level of consumption according to the payment bill has been a sign of high energy consumption.There is a significant relationship between individuals' cultural capital and consumption pattern, there is a significant relationship between two indicators of social capital (social trust and social interaction) and consumption pattern.  There was no significant relationship between social participation and consumption pattern, but there was a significant relationship between economic capital and consumption pattern.


Borozan, D. Funaric, M. R. & Starcevic, D. P. (2016). Social capital and household electricity consumption in Croatia: A regional perspective. Eastern Europe: IA.

Coleman, J. S. (1986). Social theory, social research, and a theory of action. American Journal of Sociology, 91(6), 1309-1335.

Eshchanov, B. Grinwis, M. & Salaev, S. (2012). Price and income elasticity of residential electricity consumption in Khorezm Netherlands: Springer.

Hashemi Parpanji, Z. Darvish Rohani, B. (2018). A comparative analysis of household energy consumption in Kenya, Germany and Spain. Energy Research & Social Science, 40, 127–139.

Mozaffari, Z. Motefakkerazad, M.A. (2018). The impact of social capital on household electricityc in the provinces of Iran. Journal of Quality and Productivity of the Iranian Electricity Industry, 7, 14-24.

Nikahd, M. Zare Shahabadi, M. Eskandarifard, A.M. & Amiri, F. (2015). Investigating the effect of social and economic capital on consumerism of women over 15 years of age in Malayer. Quarterly Journal of Lifestyle Sociology, 1(2),  211-244.

Putnam, R. D. (1993). The prosperous community. The American Prospect, 4(13), 35-42.

Santamouris, M. Kapsis, K. Korres, D. Livada, I., Pavlou, C., & Assimakopoulos, M. N. (2007). On the relation between the energy and social characteristics of the residential sector. Energy and Buildings, 39(8), 893-905.

Vilihit, B & S. Lung, (2010). Age and climatec ind countries: Revisiting STIRPAT for disaggregatedp and consumption-related environmental impacts, Population Environment, 31 (5), 317-340.