Qualitative and Sociological Analysis of Prostitution in Bajnord

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D Candidate, Department of Sociology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Sociology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran



This study examines the experience of living and understanding the perceptions of prostitutes. The research in terms of the purpose is exploratory, in terms of the implementation is qualitative and based on the interpretive paradigm, in terms of the results is applied and in terms of the criteria of the time is Cross sectional research. From a systematic analysis of deep interviewing with 16 participants (prostitutes, pimps, and customers) the grounded theory was conducted based on Strauss and Corbin's approach. After the open and axial coding, 80 sub categories and 20 main categories was extracting. Ultimately based on the selective coding, the central phenomenon was formulated in the form of "prostitution, conflict resolution in the cycle of poverty, insecurity and exploitation". The results of the research showed that the central phenomenon was influenced by a set of underlying conditions including "deficiency in household and women-related laws" and "instability in socio-economic conditions" and interventional conditions including "deprivations from traditional culture", "inappropriate marriage", "addiction and acceleration in the propensity to prostitute", "domestic violence", "weak social skills", "shaky family" and "educational background", and causal conditions has included "social insecurity", "the prosperity of the market for exploitation" and "the increasing poverty of the household." Prostitutes also use strategies such as "active compliance with existing status" and "cross-sectional/non-enforced resistance" that results in "incapacitated risk aversion", "continuous exposure to violence" and "family dedication of everyday life.”


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