Internet and National Identity among the Youth in Sari

Authors

1 PhD Candidate, Department of Social Problems of Iran, Azadshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Azadshahr, Iran

2 Associate Professor of Sociology, Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran

10.22034/ssyj.2020.678790

Abstract

The present study analyzes and explains the effects of duration, amount, and location, type of use and level of Internet users' knowledge on national identity among students of Sari Azad University in the 1390-91 academic year. The field section, which is in the form of a survey, measures, describes and analyzes the data using a questionnaire technique. A sample of 372 students was selected by simple random sampling. The results and findings obtained through the experimental process of this research indicate that the overall purpose of the research has been achieved. Correlation between the two variables of national identity and the amount of daily use of the Internet (-0.19) two variables of national identity and duration of use Internet (-0.16) and between the two variables of national identity and the amount of familiarity with Internet (-0.13) was the inverse. There is a significantly inverse relationship between the use of the Internet at home and their national identity. Familiarity with the use of the Internet has the greatest impact on national identity, and the effect of the duration of use and the amount of use are equal to each other. They also showed that the effect of the Internet on the national identity of the students of this university is moderate to high. Also, the result of multivariate linear regression of independent variables with leisure time shows that among the independent variables, the rate of user use, users' familiarity with the Internet and the duration of Internet usage of the users have a significant effect on national identity. Comparison of betas shows that the variables of daily use of the Internet and two variables of familiarity with the use of the Internet and the duration of Internet use, together with beta multipliers (-0, 22) and the other two variables (0, 15) have the strongest and weakest effect on the dependent variables of national identity.

Keywords


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