Investigating the Effect of Cultural Capital on Food Choice among the Youth of Tehran

Document Type : Original Article


PhD in Sociology, Department of Economic Sociology and Development, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad Universiy, Babol, Iran



From the beginning of the formation of modern and codified social sciences as the basis of sociological studies, the subject ‌ choice of food type may not have been as it should be and perhaps the attention of sociological thinkers and researchers. Sociologists have not paid much attention to this issue as an independent and scientific branch in this science to explain social structures. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between cultural capital and food type selection. In this study, ‌ survey method and questionnaire tool were used as data collection technique. The sample size was selected based on Cochran's formula of 385 young people in Tehran. Findings indicate that in terms of choosing food patterns, 66.4% of Tehran citizens have a traditional diet and only 5.7% of respondents have a healthy diet. Based on the results of this study, it was found that there is a significant relationship between cultural capital and food pattern selection and the amount of cultural capital is effective in food pattern selection. Also, there is no significant difference between ethnicity and dietary pattern selection. According to the results, there is a significant relationship between the use of media and the choice of diet, and younger people and often single more than the married people use the Western diet. This research showed More educated people have a healthier eating pattern.


Bagheri, M., Rezadoost, K., Avini, M., & Mavalizadeh, A. (2015). Investigating the effect of globalization on nutrition pattern change. Social Development Quarterly,  10 (4), 76-86.
Bakak, R (2002a). Consumption, translation. Tehran: Shirazeh Publishing and Research.
Bakak, Robert (2002b). Consumption. Tehran: Shirazeh Publications.
Bourdieu, P. (2000). Historical development of pure aesthetics. Arganon Quarterly, 150, 166-171.
Bourdieu, P. (2001). Theory of action; Practical reasons and rational choice. Tehran: Naghsh-o-Negar Publications.
Bourdieu, P. (2011). Distinction, social criticism and taste judgments. Tehran: Sales Publications.
Dogarin, A. (1987). Food from an anthropological perspective: Food, culture and society of Tehran. UNESCO message, 204,  20-27.
Fakuhi, N. (2010). Human and culture. Tehran: Javid Publications.
Fakuhi, N. (2011). Introduction to anthropology: Tehran: Ney Publishing.
Fakuhi, N. (2013). Sociology of the body. Lubroton: Sales Publications.
Falk, P. (1994). The consuming body. London: Sage.
Fazeli, M. (2003). Consumption and lifestyle. Qom: Sobh Sadegh.
Fazeli, M. (2008).A picture of the cultural lifestyle of the student community, Cultural Quarterly of Sociological Research, 5, 23-33.
Fischler, C. (1988). 'Food, self and identity. Social Science Information, 27, 275-292.
Jamhari, F. Jalali, P., & Kashmiri, M. (2017). Health psychology: Discussions in applied psychology. Fiona: Daryl O'Connor.
Jermow, J, & Williams, L, (2015). Sociology of food and nutrition, social appetite. Tehran, Sociologists Publishing.
Khajeh Nouri, B. (2005). Investigating the components of the process of globalization and women's social participation. Tehran, Shiraz Publication.
KhajehNouri, B, Rouhani, A.S. and Hashemi, S. (2011). Lifestyle and body management. Women's Society Quarterly, 2 (4), 21-47.
Khajeh Nouri, B., & Kouchani Esfahani, M. (2016). Cultural capital and consumption of modern and traditional foods. Iranian Social Science Studies, 13(48), 55-65.
khasheie, R. (2012). National media, globalization and changing food culture, Anthropology and Culture,
Mohajeri, M. , Heiderabadi, A., & Rahmani Firoozjah, A. (2020).Investigating the effect of social and economic capitals on the choice of food patterns of Tehran citizens. Contemporary Sociological Research, 9 (16), 143-160.
Mohajeri, M, Heiderabadi, A., & Rahmani Firoozjah, A. (2020). Sociological explanation of food patterns in Tehran. Welfare and Social Development Planning, 11 (43), 25-35.
Ritzer, G. (1993). The Mc donaldization of society. New York: Pine Forge Press.
Rouhalamini, M. (1986). Field of cultural studies. Tehran: Attar Publications.
Siaie, R.(2011). Food in a cultural text (translation of the food section in the book "Medical Anthropology" by Foster and Anderson), Anthropology and Culture, accessed in
Seidman, A. (2013). Conflict of votes in sociology. Tehran: Ney Publishing.
tasadikari, A; Masroor, M; & Nodehi, A. (2013). Indigenous food habits and the degree of stability of social identity (Experimental study of local-national authentic food consumption culture in Rasht. Journal of Social Development of Former Human Development, 1(12), 153-181.
Toofanian, P. & Aghamalaei, T. (2013). Assessing the lifestyle of school students in Bandar Abbas. Journal of the Faculty of Health and the Institute of Health Research, 11(3) 383-393.
Tuomainen. H.M. (2009). Ethnic identity, (post) colonialism and food ways. London: Ghanaians.