A Survey of the Effective Factors on Students' Attitudes toward Participation in Student Organizations (Case Study: Students of Shahid Beheshti University)

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Soura University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Organizational Entrepreneurship Management, University Jihad Center, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Clinical Psychology, Quranic and Artistic Activities, University Jihad Center, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

10.22034/ssyj.2021.680587

Abstract

The present study sought to investigate the effective factors on students' attitudes toward participation in student organizations (case study: students of Shahid Beheshti University). From this perspective, with the use of quantitative method and survey type and also using the researcher-made questionnaire tool, the research data were collected from 384 students of Shahid Beheshti University who were selected using relative stratified sampling method. The instrument was validated through qualitative formal content validity.The Reliability was also estimated by Cronbach Alpha test.The inferential findings of the research under multivariate regression analysis showed that the three independent variables included in the regression equation had a significant effect on the dependent variable and totally were able to reach variance 0.51 and changes of the dependent variable based on the actual determination coefficient.

Keywords


Abia, H. & Khani, M. (2012). Effectiveness of soft power of holly Rahyan Noor Program. Bi-Quarterly Journal of Soft Power Studies, 7, 26-9.
Abili, Kh. Naderi, A., Orei Yazdani, B. & Nasti, N. (2014). The impact of participatory management on job satisfaction and organizational effectiveness, Journal of Urmia School of Nursing and Midwifery, 12(2), 101-108.
Amir Ahmadi, H. (2001).Civil political society and national development. Tehran: Naghsh and Negar Publications.
Ardalan, M. R, Eskandari, A, Gilani, M. (2012). Knowledge leadership, of organizational intelligence and organizational effectiveness. Strategic Management Studies, 12, 71-100.
Barari, M. (2012). Investigating the effect of membership in non-governmental organizations on the socio-economic status of women heads of households, Journal of Women Sociology, 3(1), 153-176.
Beiker, T. L. (1998). How to do social research. Tehran: Soroush Publication.
Bani Hashemi, S. A. & Shojaei, E. (2017). Evaluation and evaluation of organizational effectiveness based on Parsons model (AGIL) in a military unit. NAJA Human Resources Quarterly, 12(50), 95-114.
Craib, Y (1999). Modern social theory (from Parsons to Habermas). Tehran: Agah Publication.
Coleman. J. (1998), Foundations of social theory. Tehran: Ney Publishing.
Cohen, B. (2007). General sociology. Tehran: Contemporary Cultural Publications of Tehran.
Dehghan, A., & Ghaffari, Gh. (2004). Explaining the socio-cultural participation of students of medical universities in Tehran. Iranian Journal of Sociology, 6(1), 25-35 .
Dewas, D. (2002). Survey in social research. Tehran: Ney Publication.
Eisen, E. (1995). Attitudes, personality and behavior.Tehran: Dana Publication.
Engelhart, R. (1994). Cultural transformation in the advancedi society. Tehran: Kavir Publication.
Fukuyama, F. (2000). The end of the order of social capital and its preservation. Tehran: Iranian Society Publication.
Gharamaleki, F. & Salari, Z. (2009). Ethics in NGOs. Tehran: Presidential Center for Women in Family Affairs.
Ghaffari, G. & Niazi, M. (2007). Sociology of participation. Tehran: Near Publication.
Gomes, L. & Manna, S. (2012). Role of NGOs in rural development : An exploratory study in West Bengal. Journal of Asian Research Consortium, 2(12):214-231.
Karimi, Y, & Saffarinia, M. (2005). Social psychology and changing attitudes of energy consumers. Iranian Journal of Energy, 9 (22), 69-83.
Karimi, Y. (2006). Social psychology: Theories, concepts and applications. Tehran: Arasbaran Publication.
Karimian, H. (2007). A study of factors affecting the attitudes of students of Garmsar Islamic Azad University Towards Professors. Journal of Social Sciences, 1(4), 87-106.
Mansourfar, K. (2009). Advanced statistical methods with computer programs. Tehran: University of Tehran Publishing Institute.
Mohseni Tabrizi, A. (1990). Investigating the participation of villagers and its relationship with agricultural extension. Tehran: Deputy for Extension and Public Participation.
Mohseni Tabrizi, A. & Abbasi Qadi, M. (2014). Explaining and comparing the social participation of youth in the two societies of Iran and Tajikistan. Iranian Journal of Sociology, 15 (3), 93-131.
Mortazavi, M. (2013). Organizing agricultural organizations with a commercialization and business development approach.Tehran: Tehran Chamber of Commerce, Industries, Mines and Agriculture Center for Economic Studies.
Moghnizadeh, M. (2001). Institutional NGOs for organizing participation in civil society. Tehran: Office of Political Studies and Research, Ministry of Interior.
Mousavi, M. (2006). Social participation is one of the components of social capital. . Social Welfare Quarterly, 6 (23), 53-63.
Mousavi, M. & Piran, P. (2012). An introduction to social participation. Tehran: Sociologists Publication.
Nowruzi, F, & Bakhtiari, M. (2009). Social participation and factors affecting it. Strategy Quarterly, 18 (53), 249-269.
Oakley, P & Marsden, D. (1991). Approaches to participation in rural development.  Tehran: Ministry of Jihad Sazandegi.
Piran, P., & Mousavi, Sh. (2006). Conceptual basis and conceptualization of social capital (with emphasis on the conditions of Iran). Quarterly Journal of Social Welfare, 23, 9-44.
Rezaei, A. (1996). Social participation: Purpose or peansp Journal of Socio-Political Information, 10, 109-110.
Ritzer, G. (2005). Sociological theory in contemporary. Tehran: Scientific Publication.
Sadeghi, M. & Safiri, Kh. (2009). Social participation of female students in social sciences schools in Tehran and identifying the factors affecting it. Quarterly Journal of Applied Sociology, 20, (2), 1-34.
Sanaei, A & Shafei, R. (2012). Presenting a model for analyzing and predicting customers' buying behavior based on functional theory of attitude (Case study: Iranian automotive industry). Quarterly Journal of Business Research, 62, 153-192.
Sarukhani, B. (2008). Research methods in social sciences. Tehran: Institute of Cultural Studies and Research.
Soltani Arabshahi, S.  (2003). Development management. Tehran: Ostadi Publication.
Sotoudeh, H. (2001). Social psychology. Tehran: Avae Noor Publication.
Sharipour, M. (2001). Erosion of social capital and its consequences. Letter of the Iranian Sociological Association, 3, 15-25.
Tajbakhsh, K. (2005). Social capital (Trust, democracy and development). Tehran: Shirazeh Publishing.
Tahmasebi Block, R. & Komilifard, M. (2015). Presenting a performance model for student organizations based on the statements of the Supreme Leader. Quarterly Journal of Basij Strategic Studies, 19 (72), 35-45.
Yazdanpanah, L. (2007). Barriers to participation of Tehran citizens. Quarterly Journal of Social Welfare, 7 (26), 55-65.