The Role of Cultural Capital and Social Satisfaction on the Social Health of Youth in Tehran

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 PhD Candidate, Department of Sociology,Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran

2 AssistantProfessor, Department of Sociology, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran

10.22034/ssyj.2021.681129

Abstract

Cultural capital is one of the types of capital that plays an important role in the lifestyle that can affect the quality of life of citizens. Therefore, the purpose of this paper  is to investigate the role of cultural capital and social satisfaction in the social health of young people in the 22nd districts of Tehran. The research method was survey based on a questionnaire. The statistical population of the study was 18 to 29 years old youth in Tehran whose number is equal to 1254650 people. According to Cochran's formula, the sample size is 384 people. Multistage cluster sampling was used. The results showed that the social health average among Tehran youth was 2.87, which is slightly lower than average. Among the components of social health, the dimension of social adaptation with 3.10 had the highest and the dimension of social participation with 2.66 had the lowest average. There is a positive and direct relationship between cultural capital and social satisfaction with social health. Pearson correlation coefficient of cultural capital and social satisfaction is 0.417 and 0.342. The dimension of objectified cultural capital has the highest correlation coefficient with social health and Pearson correlation coefficient between them was equal to 0.431. Also, the dimension of embodied cultural capital has the lowest correlation (0.332) with social health. However, the relationship between social health and all three dimensions of cultural capital is positive and significant. Analysis of regression model showed that the studied variables explain about 56.1% of health changes. The results showed that the variable of life satisfaction has the greatest effect in explaining the variable of health.

Keywords


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