Relationship between Membership in Social Networks and Tendency to Immigration in Postgraduate Student of Tehran Uuniversity

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Demography, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran

2 Master of Demography, Department of Demography, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran

10.22034/ssyj.2021.683073

Abstract

Experts immigration is one of the major problems in developing countries. In another side internet daily extensive and availability of virtual climate has an unavoidable impacts on personal and social aspects.Therefore, in this study, the relationship between membership in social networks and have a tendency to migrate have been examined. The theoretical framework is Ravnshtayn theory, globalization and social capital. Ravnshtayn believes that extensive communication facilitate migration which nowdays internet and vitual social media are suitable channel to facilitates Cross-border communications.  Internet has also led to present of transnational identities and has correlation with other variables such as social capital, national identity and national belonging cosmopolitan. The methodology of the study is survey and questionnaire was used. The study sample 526 students of Tehran University was selected using random cluster. The main hypothesis of the research based on the use of virtual social networks and increasing students' tendency to emigrate from the country was confirmed. Among the sub-hypotheses, social capital and cosmopolitanism had a significant direct relationship with the tendency to emigrate and national identity, family belonging and national belonging had a significant inverse relationship with the tendency to emigrate, and all hypotheses were confirmed. The results showed that in addition to the significant effects of using virtual social networks in increasing their tendency to migrate, its indirect effects on the tendency to migrate through increasing the sense of cosmopolitanism and reducing the sense of national belonging and sense of national identity are significant.

Keywords


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